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Chinese-English: Dentistry 中英: 牙科

31/10/2011

From time to time, I intend to post some reference material for Chinese-English translation. The table below is one that I found on an old Chinese website. It seems to have been written for Taiwanese dentists. If anyone knows of any inconsistencies between the following terms and what’s used on the mainland please comment.

abscess
化膿、膿腫、膿瘡
abutment
橋基、基牙
abutment tooth
支台齒、基牙
adjacent tooth
鄰牙
alveolar bone
齒槽骨
apical foramen
根尖孔
bacteria
細菌
bicuspid
第一前臼齒(有兩個尖尖的咬頭)
bite
咬斷
bridge
牙橋
buccal frenum
頰繫帶
canine
犬齒(有一個尖尖的咬頭)
caries
蛀牙
central incisor
正中門齒
ceramic crown
磁牙套
cheek
(兩)頰、面頰
chew
咀嚼
complete denture
全口假牙
crown
牙冠、牙套
cuspid
犬齒(有一個尖尖的咬頭)
cut
切斷
debridement
清創
decay
蛀牙(或tooth decay)
decayed tooth
蛀牙
deciduous/primary/baby/milk dentition
乳/初級齒列
dental calculus
牙結石
dental department
牙科
dental plaque
牙菌斑
dentin
牙本質
dentinal tubule
牙本質小管
dentist
牙醫
dentition
齒列
denture
假牙(= artificial/false tooth)
disinfection
消毒
drainage
引流、讓濃流出
enamel
牙釉質
endodontic treatment
根管治療
Endodontics
牙髓病科
epiglottis
喉頭蓋、會咽軟骨
extraction
拔除
file
剉刀
filling
填補
first molar
第一大臼齒
frenum
繫帶
General Practice
一般牙科
gingiva
牙齦
gold crown
金牙套
grind

gum
牙齦
gutta percha
馬來膠
hard palate
硬(內)顎
immune response
免疫反應
impacted tooth
阻生齒
implant
植牙
incision
切開
incisor
門牙、前齒
infection
發炎、感染
inflammatory
發炎的
labial frenum
唇繫帶
lateral incisor
側門齒
lingual frenum
舌繫帶
lip
嘴唇
longitudinal section
縱剖面
mandible
下頷(骨)(= lower/bottom jaw)
maxilla
上頷(骨)(= upper/top jaw)
microorganism
微生物
mineralization
礦物化
missing tooth
缺牙
mouth floor
口底
mucosa
黏膜、黏液膜
necrotic
壞死的
nonkeratinized
沒有角質化的
nostril
鼻孔
obturation
封填
occlusal force
咬合壓力
odontoblast
牙本質母細胞
oesophagus
食道
opposing tooth
對咬牙
oral cavity
口腔
oral mucosa
口腔黏膜
Oral Surgery
口腔外科
orthodontic treatment
矯正
Orthodontics
矯正牙科
palatine tonsil
顎扁桃腺
papilla
舌乳頭
parotid gland
腮腺
Pedodontics
兒童牙科
periodontal disease
牙周病
periodontal ligament
牙周韌帶
Periodontics
牙周病科
permanent/secondary/adult dentition
永久/次級齒列
philtrum
人中
pontic
假牙
premolar
第一前臼齒(有兩個尖尖的咬頭)
Prosthodontics
贗復牙科
pulp cavity
牙髓腔
pulp tissue
牙髓組織
quarter
象限
root
牙根
root canal
根管
root canal shaping
根管塑形
root canal treatment
根管神經治療
saliva
唾液
salivary gland
唾液腺
second molar
第二大臼齒
second premolar
第二前臼齒
soft palate
軟(內)顎
sublingual gland
舌下腺
submandibular gland
頷下腺
taste bud
味蕾
tear
撕裂
teeth
牙齒
temporomandibular joint
顳下頷關節(簡稱TMJ)
third molar
第三大臼齒、智齒
tongue
舌頭
toxin
毒素
ulcer
(黏膜表面)潰瘍
uvula
懸雍垂(錐狀的肌肉突起)、小舌
veneer crown
環鑲
vermillion
唇紅
windpipe
氣管
wisdom tooth
第三大臼齒、智齒
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From → Mandarin, Translation

One Comment
  1. Terribly useful list. Unfortunately most of my Chinese dentistry required a command of Wu as much as Mandarin. That said this is definitely the kind of thing to print out before going to see the dentist.

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